Mallorie LaFountain

Personal Info
First Name: 
Last Name: 
Independence, Missouri
Sunday, September 1, 1844
Biographical Info
Early Childhood Life: 
I was born into slavery. I grew up as a "House-Girl" working for William Johnson. He was a wealthy Jefferson City, Missouri Planter. William Johnson had died before the civil war. Union soldiers liberated me, and I remained working for the army as a paid servant.
Education & Training: 
Colonel Benton had taken me and other servants to Little Rock, Arkansas. I became a good desirable cook for the Union Army. I was the only African American woman who served in rhw U.S. army proir to the 1984 law, which officially allowed women to join the army.
cook for Union Army
My mother, Martha was a slave. My dad was said to be a freed slave.
Residence in 1850: 
Pueblo, Las Animas, and Trinidad, Colorado
Political Info
Basic Position: 
Opinion on Slavery: 
I was never able to learn and go to school. I couldn't leave when I wanted to. I had absolutely no rights. Families were being split up, and I didn't even have my dad with me. My dad was a freed slave. The food was never good, and our cabins weren't good either. I had to work long hours in the hot sun. I would see other slaves getting whipped.
Personal Reason for Position: 
I was born into slavery. I never had a choice to be a slave or not. My mother didn't either she was bought and couldn't have done anything about it.
What Should Be Done About Slavery: 
Slavery should be ended immediately.
How I supported this position: 
I was freed before the Civil War. During the Civil War I was only 16 years old. I worked as a Union Army paid servant. I wanted to work for the Union Army because I thought that I could do something. If I did I would be able to free all the southern slaves.
Quote About Slavery: 
My Father was a freeman, but my mother a slave, belonging to William Johnson, a wealthy farmer who lived at the time I was born near Independence, Jackson County, Missouri. While I was a small girl my master and family moved to Jefferson City. My master died there and when the war broke out and the United States soldiers came to Jefferson City they took me and other colored folks with them to Little Rock. Col. Benton of the 13th army corps was the officer that carried us off. I did not want to go. He wanted me to cook for the officers, but I had always been a house girl and did not know how to cook. I learned to cook after going to Little Rock and was with the army at The Battle of Pea Ridge. Afterwards the command moved over various portions of Arkansas and Louisiana. I saw the soldiers burn lots of cotton and was at Shreveport when the rebel gunboats were captured and burned on Red River. We afterwards went to New Orleans, then by way of the Gulf to Savannah, Georgia, then to Macon and other places in the South. Finally I was sent to Washington City and at the time Gen. Sheridan made his raids in the Shenandoah valley I was cook and washwoman for his staff. I was sent from Virginia to some place in Iowa and afterwards to Jefferson Barracks, where I remained some time. You will see by this paper that on the 15th day of November 1866 I enlisted in the United States Army at St. Louis, in the Thirty-eighth United States Infantry Company A, Capt. Charles E. Clarke commanding.