Horace Greeley

Personal Info
First Name: 
Horace W.
Last Name: 
Amherst, New Hampshire
Sunday, February 3, 1811
Biographical Info
Education & Training: 
I declined a scholarship to Phillips Exeter Academy and left school at the age of 14; I apprenticed as a printer in Poultney, Vermont, at The Northern Star, and moved to New York City in 1831. In 1834 I founded the weekly the New Yorker, which consisted mostly of clippings from other magazines.
Journalist and Editor, New York Tribune
Son of poor farmers Zaccheus and Mary Greeley.
Residence in 1850: 
New York City
Political Info
Political Party: 
Government Positions: 
Basic Position: 
Opinion on Slavery: 
When the new Republican Party was founded in 1854, I made the Tribune its unofficial national organ, and fought slavery extension and the slave power on many pages. I made the Tribune the leading newspaper opposing the Slave Power, that is, what I considered the conspiracy by slave owners to seize control of the federal government and block the progress of liberty.
Personal Reason for Position: 
My wife was a suffragette, Mary Cheney Greeley, so my preference for emancipatory positions was close to home. I prided myself in taking radical positions on all sorts of social issues, so my position on slavery would need to be radical as well. I supported liberal policies towards settlers, a further reinforcement of a value on freedom. I was also against corporate power (monopolies) but pro-industry, so I am against rich slave-owners who lived off the labor of others and I took a conservative, if not reactionary, view of progress.
What Should Be Done About Slavery: 
In the secession crisis of 1861 I took a hard line against the Confederacy. Theoretically, I agreed, the South could declare independence; but in reality I said there was "a violent, unscrupulous, desperate minority, who have conspired to clutch power"—secession was an illegitimate conspiracy that had to be crushed by federal power. I took a Radical Republican position during the war, in opposition to Lincoln’s moderation. In the summer of 1862, I wrote a famous editorial entitled "The Prayer of Twenty Millions" demanding a more aggressive attack on the Confederacy and faster emancipation of the slaves. One month later I hailed Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation.
Quote About Slavery: 
“It is impossible to enslave mentally or socially a Bible-reading people. The principles of the Bible are the groundwork of human freedom.”